About the origin of the name, ”Sirmour” there are quite a few surmises. One view being that the state derived its name as Sirmour because of the senior position it held amongst the princely hill states. Another version is that at the earliest times the capital of the state was at Sirmour and the state was so called after the name of the capital. But, how the word Sirmour originated is not known.
Sirmour was an independent kingdom in India, founded in 1616 by Raja Rasaloo of Jaisalmer, one of whose ancestors was named Sirmour. It became a part of Greater Nepal, before becoming a princely state in British India, located in the region that is now the Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh. The state was also known as Nahan, after its main city, Nahan. Sirmur was ruled by the chiefs of Rajput lineage, who used the title “Raja”.
- Area: 2,825 km2
- Population: 530,164
- Literacy Rate: 79.98 %.
- Tehsils: Nahan, Shilai, Paonta Sahib, Pacchad and Rajgarh.
- Sub-Tehsils: Dadahu, Panjottha, Kamrau and Naurha.
- Sub divisions: Nahan, Renuka, Paonta Sahib and Rajgarh.
- Panchayat: 228
According to the 2011 census Sirmaur district has a population of 530,164, roughly equal to the nation of Cape Verde. This gives it a ranking of 542nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 188 inhabitants per square kilometre (490 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.61 %. Sirmaur has a sex ratio of 915 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 79.98 %.
Climate: All the seasons of nature visit Sirmour during the year. Situated in the hot temperature zone the climate of Sirmour ranges from high temperature to sub tropical and snow rarely falls over here.
How To Reach
Rail: Ambala is the nearest Rail head 63 km from Nahan.
Air: Chandigarh is nearest airport which is 87 km from Nahan.
Bus: Nahan is well connected by road. Regular buses and taxis available from Ambala and Chandigarh.